# Snowing Effect in Monkey X

Since Christmas is coming soon, I decided to share my snowing effect code I wrote last year. The original code was written in BlitzMax. This year I have already made new Christmas intro in Monkey X. You may want to take look at the snowing effect of the Christmas video of the last year.

Examine the code and you’ll get the idea quickly. Implementation in other programming languages should be quit straight forward. Just use background picture of your own.

Feel free to use the code.

Screenshot of the program:

I will soon publish my new Merry Christmas 2017 and Happy New Year 2018 video. And… It’s also written in Monkey X.

# Unique Random Integers part II

Last year I wrote about my clumsy implementation of unique random integers system, I’ve used in my Memorable Ladies games. In those the speed isn’t a critical factor. It’s sufficient that the idea works. 🙂

In this post the idea behind unique random integers is the same, but implemented in a faster way.

In the implementation I have used an array that consists of all desired integers and each is drawn in a way that the same integer doesn’t get drawn again. Let’s take a look at the code (I have used Monkey2 programming language in the example):

Image courtesy of nonicknamephoto at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

First an array is initialized with desired integers. Then an random integer from the array is fetched using random index inside the array.  After that the numbers after the drawn number are moved to “left”. For the end the amount of integers is decreased by 1 and the array is resized by the new amount of integers. That’s it.

This way one gets always different random integer from the set of desired integers.

Furthermore, if one would like to get, for example, number four (4) to be drawn three times, one could just include 4 three times in the array.

Depending on what one is doing, one could keep a copy of the original array for future usage.

Although I have used Monkey2 as example programming language, it should be easy to implement similar implementation to many other programming languages quite straight forwardly.

# Example of Own Font Class in Monkey X part 2

I decided to implement in an alternative way own font class to Monkey X to use with fonts converted with my Font 2 PNG, just to for passing time.

Check the previous post or the homepage of Font 2 PNG for format of the dat-file.

Screenshot of the program:

All you really have to understand is the simple format of the dat-file of a font to understand the source code below — and of course basic understanding of Monkey X.

Feel free to use the code above.

# Example of Own Font Class in Monkey X

I seem to live in the past… Monkey X programming language has evolved into Monkey2, but I’m still sometimes using Monkey X.

I made an example class to use in Monkey X with bitmap fonts converted with my Font 2 PNG. The example uses old Mojo-module, but old examples on scaling bitmap font made with Font 2 PNG will give you an idea of an alternative way to implementing this.

Next, let’s take a look at a screenshot:

Next to the code:

Font 2 PNG prints the max height of the font after converting. The value is in practice just the height of the png-file.

As a reminder: Font 2 PNG produces two files, font.png and font.dat for one font. The font.dat-file holds the information for each character with two 4 byte integers, first tells the position in pixels in font, the second the width of the chatacter in pixels.

I hope this example gives you some ideas on how to use different fonts converted with Font 2 PNG.

Feel free to use the code above.

PS. I also made new version of part 1 of my Old School series demonstration in Monkey X. Video below:

From the source code in the video you’ll get an idea, how this font class could be used with Mojo2-module.

That’s it from my “hobby corner” tonight!

# Rolling and Rotating scrolltext (Old School VIII)

I made today a little Monkey X Pro demonstration: Rolling and rotating scrolltext (Old School VIII). Now it works perfectly. Like in Old School VII, the letters fade in and out at the bottom of the circle of letters. I have used my Font 2 PNG program to grab individual characters of a ttf-font to png-images for the program. Perhaps I will later share the source code of the demonstration…

Enjoy the nostalgia! 🙂

The idea behind the code of the rolling and rotating scrolltext:

• At every update frame 30 characters (png-images) from the scrolltext are drawn in a form of a circle, each character with 12 degrees step (12 *30 = 360), let angle related to this angle be angle1
• When drawing the character images, the angle that increases in 12 steps is added to each character in addition to this angle is added other angle variable, let this be angle2, that is decreased (the direction of rolling and rotating) by 1 degrees at every update frame
• Because of my (probably clumsy but working 🙂 )implementation:
• in DrawImage method rotation angle is angle1 + angle2 + constant that adjusts the letters to the right place on the circle

As to he fade out and fade in for the letter images, you may adjust the letters with alpha values as you best you see it is sensible, probably somewhere at the bottom of the circle.

That’s it! Do try to make make your own version with programming language of your choice. I recommend my Font 2 PNG program for the font.

Good luck!

The first time I saw this kind of effect created was some time in the late 80s on Amiga in following demo:

Ah! Those good old Amiga demos. Kind of magic at their time.

# Scaling ttf-font in Monkey2

In Monkey2 programming language it is possible to load ttf (and otf & fon) font directly and use the DrawText method of canvas to draw the text. But how to scale the font? In this example I made today it is done in a clumsy way, but may give you some ideas…

The source code:

Below is the video related to this post:

Feel free to use my code!

# Scrolling of Picture Larger Than Visible Area in Monkey2

I finally today made my first Monkey2 app. I think it was someday in September I finally noticed that Monkey X has evolved into hugely more advanced programming language: Monkey2.

As I wrote in previous post I have an unfinished game project in Monkey X Pro. I think think I’ll finish it someday in Monkey2… I have one other little project in my mind to be done in Monkey2.

This is why I decided to try to make my first Monkey2 program today. In my older post I wrote a  short tutorial on scrolling a picture larger than visible area in Monkey X Pro keeping Android target in mind. In this post the same thing is written in Monkey2 to desktop.

The picture is scrolled with mouse, to change the code to touch screen, just change the mouse related code to touch related code.

Source code below:

Video below demos the source (the text in the video is in video only, though):

https://youtu.be/U9DLogNGeoo

Below is a video from the mentioned older blog post written in Monkey X Pro to Android:

Feel free to use my code as you wish.

# Bouncing of the ball when it touches the Bat (80s Krakout style)

It’s night when I’m writing this. I came up with a little Monkey X tutorial on how to program the bouncing of the ball, when it touches the bat in the “old school way” — like in the popular C64 game Krakout in the 80s.

In the video for the tutorial you can see, that as the ball touches the bat for the first time, delta y doesn’t change. This is because both the ball and the bat are uneven as height in pixels; now both the ball and the bat have a middle point.

This is just a short piece of code, that doesn’t handle the case, when the ball is at the horizontal top or bottom of the bat. There’s some extra work for anyone who wants to make an 80s style Krakout game. 🙂

The delta y for the ball is calculated simply how the ball’s y-position is related to the middle point to the bat. The “scale” variable is used to adjust the max y-speed of the ball.

Source code below:

Feel free to use and improve the source above in your own projects.

Here’s the graphics to download (license: public domain), except the background picture (right click and save as…):

The bat is 32 x 73 pixels as size, the ball is 16 x 17 pixels.

For comparing to the C64’s popular Krakout, see the video below:

Link: Monkey X (from itch.io), it’s free.

Many years ago I started to program Krakout style game in the spirit of the good old Commodore 64, but as usual, something went wrong. Three months work with multiple levels and a level editor programmed in Blitz3D were lost because I hadn’t taken backups of the files, when I, well, “fixed” the Windows installation I had at the time…

# 3D Stars With Controlled Center Point

Just little changes to old post on 3D stars with Mojo2… Now on the projection from 3D space to 2D space (screen), the center point can be controlled, just touch the screen or keep the left mouse button pushed down to control the stars… The code should compile as such to any target on Monkey X Pro.

# Scrolling a Picture Larger Than Visible Area in Monkey X

A little tutorial on scrolling a picture that is larger than the visible area of the screen in Monkey X.

In this example we will be using a picture of 1280 x 960 pixels in “native” resolution of 640 x 480 pixels. The source is primarily meant to Android target but works for example to desktop target too.

The picture is scrolled by moving a finger on the Android device. In order to avoid the picture to “jump” after not scrolling the picture, variables related to scrolling speed must be set to zero.

Lets have a look at the source code:

Examine the source code and learn. Source code license: Public Domain.

Below is a video related to this post: